1943 – 1944


1943


APR. 12

THE KATYN WOOD MURDERS

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GERMAN MILITARY AUTHORITIES DISCOVER MASS GRAVES OF POLISH OFFICERS IN KATYN FOREST, NEAR MINSK. POLISH GOVERNMENT AGREE TO THE RED CROSS INVESTIGATION, RUSSIANS DO NOT AGREE. BRITISH AND AMERICAN GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT RUSSIAN POSITION. AMONGST THE 15,000 MURDERED OFFICERS ARE 12 GENERALS AND 300 COLONELS.

IN 1992 RUSSIANS ADMIT COMMITTING THIS ATROCITY.

1p19
KATYN ISSUED 1990
5p19
STALIN’S VICTIMS ISSUED 1991

 


APR. 25

starMOSCOW BREAKS RELATIONS WITH THE POLISH GOVERNMENT

 


MAY 8

SOVIET GOVERNMENT FORMS, IN RUSSIA, POLISH TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO INFANTRY DIVISION FROM THE DEPORTEES THAT DID NOT MANAGE TO LEAVE RUSSIA WITH GEN. ANDERS.

 


JUNE 18

SOVIET GOVERNMENT CREATES “SOVIET UNION OF POLISH PATRIOTS” WITH COL. Z. BERLING AND WANDA WASILEWSKA AS LEADERS.

 


JUNE

POLISH 2nd ARMY CORPS UNDER THE COMMAND OF GEN. ANDERS ESTABLISHES HEADQUARTERS IN GAZA, PALESTINE.

 

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GEN. SIKORSKI VISITS POLISH TROOPS IN THE MIDDLE EAST.

 

 


JULY 4

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GEN. SIKORSKI KILLED IN A PLANE CRASH NEAR GIBRALTAR.

 

 


JULY 16

 

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FUNERAL OF GEN. SIKORSKI AT NEWARK, NOTTS, U.K.

 

 


NOV. 28 – DEC. 1

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THE TEHERAN CONFERENCE

CHURCHILL, STALIN AND ROOSEVELT AGREE THAT THE POST WAR POLAND WILL BE INCLUDED IN THE RUSSIAN SPHERE OF INFLUENCE.

 

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TEHERAN

 

 

THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC

POLISH AIR FORCE SQUADRONS Nos. 300, 301, 304, 305, AND 307 ARE ASSIGNED TO PATROL THE ATLANTIC FROM ICELAND TO THE SHORES OF SPAIN. THEY MAKE 1,880 SORTIES TOTALLING 10,670 FLYING HOURS, ATTACKING SIX U-BOATS AND PERFORMING LARGE SCALE MINING OPERATIONS.

 

4,434 POLES TRAINED AS AIRCREW IN GREAT BRITAIN (BRIGHTON, HUCKNALL AND NEWTON) AND IN CANADA (MALTON AND HAMILTON).

POLISH STUDENT FLYERS AT NO. 1 A.O.S. MALTON, ONT.

 

4p22
BUILDINGS AROUND THIS SQUARE WERE OCCUPIED BY THE POLISH AIR FORCE I.T.W. (INTERMEDIATE TRAINING WING) – REGENCY SQUARE, BRIGHTON, SUSSEX.

 

 


1944


THE ITALIAN CAMPAIGN

MAY 11 – 18

POLISH ARMY 2nd CORPS CAPTURES MONTE CASSINO.

 

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POLISH GEN. W. ANDERS, C-IN-C 2nd CORPS
ISSUED 1989

 

1941 ISSUES SURCHARGED MONTE CASSINO 18 V. 1944

 

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MONTE CASSINO MONASTERY AFTER THE BATTLE

 

 

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LETTER MAILED ON FEB. 15, 1946 FROM THE FIELD POST OFFICE #124, ITALY

2P23aL. TO R. – STAMP COMMEMORATING:

CAPTURE OF ANCONA 15.7 – 18.7.44 – 55 GROSZY
CAPTURE OF BOLOGNA 9.4 – 21.4.45 – 1 ZLOTY
CAPTURE OF MONTE CASSINO 11.5 – 18.5.44 – 45 GROSZY

BOTTOM – GEN. W. ANDERS – ITALY – 17.2.44 – 2.5.45 – 2 ZLOTY

 


AUG. 1 – OCT. 3

WARSAW UPRISING

RUSSIAN ARMIES ENTER SUBURB OF WARSAW, PRAGA, ON THE EAST BANKS OF THE VISTULA RIVER. SOME UNITS SOUTH OF WARSAW CROSS VISTULA RIVER. POLISH HOME ARMY ATTACKS GERMAN ARMY IN WARSAW, ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE RIVER.

RUSSIAN ARMY DECIDES TO REST AND REFUSES TO RENDER ANY DIRECT OR INDIRECT ASSISTANCE TO THE POLISH HOME ARMY.


AUG. – OCT.

POLISH ARMOURED DIVISION, UNDER THE COMMAND OF GEN. S. MACZEK, ASSISTS BRITISH ARMY IN THE BATTLE OF PAS-DE-CALAIS AND CAPTURES CHAMBOIS ON AUG. 21 AND BREDA ON OCT. 27.

 


SEP. 17 – 25

POLISH PARATROOP BRIGADE, UNDER THE COMMAND OF GEN. S. SOSOBOWSKI, ASSISTS BRITISH ARMY IN THE BATTLE OF ARNHEM.